Exemplory instance of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is a special style of art that will help to comprehend the present-day history and also to know how the key tendencies of social development in the past were created.
The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture at the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules together with principles of plot construction, reflecting the idea of orderliness and perfection of this universe, nature and society.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half of this eighteenth century was meant to show and educate on examples and images that cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the proven fact that all evil could be overcome.
Inside our literary works as much as the beginning of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the exact same goal: to help make society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality and also the rules of human behavior. Methods to achieve this goal in the philosophy of classicism had been understood to be the assertion associated with supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and had been predicated on a definite division of creative designs and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies where the basis associated with the plot is definitely important historical occasions, and actors – the gods and strongest of the world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were related to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could just be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance of this unity of time, place, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with publicity, zygote, growth of action, culmination and resolution limited the chance of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the text of cause and impact, clarity expression for the main notion of the task. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to utilize the method of artistic expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image regarding the internal realm of man along with his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes appear in the literature. The introduction of sentimentalism greatly expanded the possibilities of artistic prose and managed to get more democratic: the attention of both writers and readers ended up being the fate of a typical person, clear, near, causing interest and compassion.
Therefore, the difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be as follows:
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